Thursday, December 8, 2011

Let's learn Korean (Verb) 1. to go-> 가다/gada/



Hello,everybody!!
Before we study today's Korean word, let's take a look at different types of verbs forms in Korean..


1. Plain
  
  The plain form is the most basic form of verbs, from which all the other conjugations of verbs are derived and produced. However, the plain form is almost never used in both written and spoken Korean. The only instance where the plain form is used is when verbs are listed in the dictionary. Therefore, it is necessary to know the plain form if you'd like to know the meaning of certain verbs and find them in the dictionary.




2. Informal  

  Generally speaking, the informal form(called 반말/banmal/)) is used among people of the same age or to people who are younger by older people. It is also used by people who are closely related such as such family members and relatives. People who are close friends would use this form depending on the familiarity and acceptability.


3. Polite 

The polite form(called 존댓말/jondaetmal/) is used when speaking to people who are older than you or of a higher rank than you such as in the company, army and other institutions. However, people generally use the polite form in many social settings regardless of one's age. Initially, it would be best to stick to the polite form when learning Korean, as this would be the predominant form of speaking to people in many social environments. However, if you attend school or other similar institutions where you'd make friends and the environment is more casual, it might be more appropriate to use the informal form.



Ok!! now let's study the verb, "가다/gada/-to go"


 **Tense variation




Written Korean
Past
Present
Future
갔다..
간다
갈 거다
Go
Polite (-)
Plain
:~가다
Past
Present
Future
갔어요
가요
갈 거예요
Informal
Past
Present
Future
갔어
갈 거야







**Sentence Stage

에/e/ [Time/Place Particle]
:The Time/Place Particle, , is used for any words related to time and place. The particle phrase is usually placed at the beginning of a sentence after a subject.

This time, let's make sentences using 에..
Here's some words related to places, just put them in the blanks

 

  • 학교/hakgyo/:school
  • 영화관/younghwagwan/: movie theater
  • 병원: hospital








<Written>
        갔다
  • 학교에 갔다.
  • 영화관에 갔다.
  • 병원에 갔다.
        간다.
  • 학교에 간다.
  • 영화관에 간다.
  • 병원에 간다.
        갈 거다.
  • 학교에 갈 거다.
  • 영화관에 갈 거다.
  • 병원에 갈 거다.
<Polite ~>
        갔어요.
  • 학교에 갔어요.
  • 영화관에 갔어요.
  • 병원에 갔어요.
        가요.
  • 학교에 가요.
  • 영화관에 가요.
  • 병원에 가요.
        갈 거예요.
  • 학교에 갈 거예요.
  • 영화관에 갈 거예요.
  • 병원에 갈 거예요.
<Informal>
        갔어.
  • 학교에 갔어.
  • 영화관에 갔어.
  • 병원에 갈 거예요.
        가.
  • 학교에 가.
  • 영화관에 가.
  • 병원에 가.
        갈 거야.
  • 학교에 갈 거야.
  • 영화관에 갈 거야.
  • 병원에 갈 거야.

** It must be very confusing to study different tenses at first but if you repeat the sentences many times you'll get used to them soon..



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